Vadim Gorbatov's art Gallery
Wolf pair
Couple of Wolves

"Once I watched wolves for at least 20 minutes. It was the beginning of May, but then winter came back and snow covered ground again. The Wolves came to lake and crossed it and gave me a very rare opportunity to watch them and make sketches of them in the open space."

The following is from
The Russian Wolf (Canis lupus communis) is a subspecies of Grey Wolf which occurs in north-central Russia. It is one of five grey wolf subspecies present in the Russian Federation, which includes the Eurasian Wolf, the Caspian Sea Wolf, the Tibetan Wolf and the Tundra Wolf.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the newly formed soviet government worked heavily to eradicate wolves and other predators during an extensive land reclamation program. There was no room for the wolf or any other predator in their plans, so government officials instructed the Red army to exterminate predators on sight; a project that was carried out very efficiently, resulting in the extinction of the Caspian Tiger. During The Great Patriotic War, when the Russian government focused its attention on repelling the Nazi invasion, Wolf populations were given some respite, and actually increased.

After the defeat of Germany, the USSR focused on rebuilding its territories, thus resuming the wolf exterminations. The USSR destroyed 42,300 wolves in 1945, 62,700 wolves in 1946, 58,700 wolves in 1947, 57,600 in 1948, and 55,300 in 1949. From 1950 until 1954, an average of 50,000 wolves were killed annually. The wolf survived mostly because of the vast amount of territory devoid of humans. The first actual Soviet studies on wolves were limited to finding new ways of destroying them. From the 1970's to the 1990's, attitudes began to change in a way which favored protecting the wolf.

Government backed wolf exterminations have been largely discontinued since the fall of the Soviet Union. As a result, their numbers have stabilized somewhat, though they are still hunted legally. It is estimated that nearly 15,000 of Russia's wolves are killed annually for the fur trade and because of human conflict and persecution. Due to the new capitalist government's focus on economy, and other issues plaguing the former communist nation, the study of wolves has been largely discontinued from lack of funding.

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